资料汇编:

下 [xia4]

A

汉字:下 / 拼音:xia4

xià down/ downwards/ below/ lower/ later/ next (week etc)/ second (of two parts)/ to decline/ to go down/ to arrive at (a decision, conclusion etc)/ measure word to show the frequency of an action
异体

(下)的使用实例:

简体繁体拼音英文
一下一下yi1 xia4(used after a verb) give it a go/ to do (sth for a bit to give it a try)/ one time/ once/ in a while/ all of a sudden/ all at once
一下儿一下兒yi1 xia4 r5erhua variant of 一下[yi1 xia4]
一下子一下子yi1 xia4 zi5in a short while/ all at once/ all of a sudden
一气之下一氣之下yi1 qi4 zhi1 xia4in a fit of pique/ in a fury
一较高下一較高下yi1 jiao4 gao1 xia4to compete against/ to measure oneself against/ to go head to head (see who is best)
七上八下七上八下qi1 shang4 ba1 xia4at sixes and sevens/ perturbed state of mind/ in a mess
三下五除二三下五除二san1 xia4 wu3 chu2 er4three, set five remove two (abacus rule)/ efficiently/ quickly and easily
三下两下三下兩下san1 xia4 liang3 xia4quickly and effortlessly (idiom)
上下上下shang4 xia4up and down/ top and bottom/ old and new/ length/ about
上下五千年上下五千年shang4 xia4 wu3 qian1 nian2popular history of China in three volumes by Cao Yuzhang 曹余章
上下其手上下其手shang4 xia4 qi2 shou3to raise and lower one's hand (idiom); to signal as conspiratorial hint/ fig. conspiring to defraud
上下床上下床shang4 xia4 chuang2bunk bed
上下文上下文shang4 xia4 wen2(textual) context
上下文菜单上下文菜單shang4 xia4 wen2 cai4 dan1context menu (computing)
上下班上下班shang4 xia4 ban1to start and finish work
上下班时间上下班時間shang4 xia4 ban1 shi2 jian1rush hour
上下铺上下鋪shang4 xia4 pu4bunk bed
上刀山,下油锅上刀山,下油鍋shang4 dao1 shan1 , xia4 you2 guo1lit. to climb mountains of swords and enter cauldrons of boiling oil (idiom)/ fig. to go through trials and tribulations
上刀山,下火海上刀山,下火海shang4 dao1 shan1 , xia4 huo3 hai3lit. to climb mountains of swords and enter seas of flames (idiom)/ fig. to go through trials and tribulations (often, for a noble cause)
上吐下泻上吐下瀉shang4 tu4 xia4 xie4to vomit and have diarrhea
上山下乡上山下鄉shang4 shan1 xia4 xiang1to work in the fields (esp. young school-leavers)/ forced agricultural experience for city intellectuals
上有天堂,下有苏杭上有天堂,下有蘇杭shang4 you3 tian1 tang2 , xia4 you3 Su1 Hang2lit. there is heaven above, and there is 蘇杭|苏杭[Su1 Hang2] below (idiom)/ fig. the beauty and affluence of Suzhou and Hangzhou is comparable with heaven
上有政策,下有对策上有政策,下有對策shang4 you3 zheng4 ce4 , xia4 you3 dui4 ce4The higher ups have policies while the lower downs have their own ways of getting around them. (idiom)
上有老下有小上有老下有小shang4 you3 lao3 xia4 you3 xiao3lit. above are the elderly, below are the young (idiom)/ fig. to have to take care of both one's aging parents and one's children/ sandwich generation
上梁不正下梁歪上梁不正下梁歪shang4 liang2 bu4 zheng4 xia4 liang2 wai1lit. If the upper beam is not straight, the lower beam will be crooked (idiom); fig. subordinates imitate their superiors' vices
上气不接下气上氣不接下氣shang4 qi4 bu4 jie1 xia4 qi4out of breath (idiom)/ to gasp for air
上行下效上行下傚shang4 xing2 xia4 xiao4subordinates follow the example of their superiors (idiom)
xia4down/ downwards/ below/ lower/ later/ next (week etc)/ second (of two parts)/ to decline/ to go down/ to arrive at (a decision, conclusion etc)/ measure word to show the frequency of an action
下一代下一代xia4 yi1 dai4the next generation
下一个下一個xia4 yi1 ge5the next one

还有更多的使用实例被省略掉了。

说明:词汇数据来源于CC-CEDICT,发音数据来源于chinese-lessons.com,对其作者表示感谢!

✍: CEDICT

2021-04-27, 181👍, 0💬