资料汇编:

先 [xian1]

A

汉字:先 / 拼音:xian1

xiān early/ prior/ former/ in advance/ first

(先)的使用实例:

简体繁体拼音英文
一马当先一馬當先yi1 ma3 dang1 xian1to take the lead
不首先使用不首先使用bu4 shou3 xian1 shi3 yong4no first use (policy for nuclear weapons)/ NFU
事先事先shi4 xian1in advance/ before the event/ beforehand/ prior
事先通知事先通知shi4 xian1 tong1 zhi1preliminary notification/ to announce in advance
占先佔先zhan4 xian1to take precedence
尽先儘先jin3 xian1in the first instance/ as a first priority
优先優先you1 xian1to have priority/ to take precedence
优先承购权優先承購權you1 xian1 cheng2 gou4 quan2prior purchase right/ right of first refusal (ROFR)/ preemptive right to purchase
优先股優先股you1 xian1 gu3preferred stock
优先认股权優先認股權you1 xian1 ren4 gu3 quan2preemptive right (in share issue)
xian1early/ prior/ former/ in advance/ first
先下手为强先下手為強xian1 xia4 shou3 wei2 qiang2strike first and gain the upper hand (idiom, martial arts term); Making the first move is an advantage.
先不先先不先xian1 bu4 xian1(dialect) first of all/ in the first place
先人先人xian1 ren2ancestors/ previous generations/ my late father
先令先令xian1 ling4shilling (loanword)
先来后到先來後到xian1 lai2 hou4 dao4in order of arrival/ first come, first served
先例先例xian1 li4antecedent/ precedent
先兆先兆xian1 zhao4omen
先入为主先入為主xian1 ru4 wei2 zhu3the first impression is the strongest/ to hold a preconceived notion (about sth)
先公先公xian1 gong1deceased father/ deceased senior male figure
先兵后礼先兵後禮xian1 bing1 hou4 li3opposite of 先禮後兵|先礼后兵[xian1 li3 hou4 bing1]
先到先得先到先得xian1 dao4 xian1 de2first come first served
先前先前xian1 qian2before/ previously
先君先君xian1 jun1my late father/ my ancestors/ the late emperor
先哲先哲xian1 zhe2distinguished precursor/ famous thinker of antiquity
先大母先大母xian1 da4 mu3deceased paternal grandmother
先天先天xian1 tian1inborn/ innate/ natural
先天下之忧而忧,后天下之乐而乐先天下之憂而憂,後天下之樂而樂xian1 tian1 xia4 zhi1 you1 er2 you1 , hou4 tian1 xia4 zhi1 le4 er2 le4The first concern is affairs of state, enjoying the pleasure comes later. Quotation from essay On Yueyang Tower 岳陽樓記|岳阳楼记 by Song writer Fan Zhongyan 范仲淹[Fan4 Zhong4 yan1]
先天不足先天不足xian1 tian1 bu4 zu2congenital deficiency/ inherent weakness
先天性先天性xian1 tian1 xing4congenital/ intrinsic/ innateness

还有更多的使用实例被省略掉了。

说明:词汇数据来源于CC-CEDICT,发音数据来源于chinese-lessons.com,对其作者表示感谢!

✍: CEDICT

2021-04-29, 203👍, 0💬